Sustainable Play Equipment

No.1 Xialin Bay, Qingtian

Zhejiang, China

+86 176 8231 2146

WhatsApp: 24/7 Customer Support

9:00 - 17:30 GMT

Online store always open

Impulse-Control Strategies for Students with ADHD – ADDitude magazine

Why do kids with ADHD call out in class or push in line? Poor impulse control. The solution? Clear expectations, positive incentives, and predictable consequences for good or bad school behavior.
It depends. For children with attention deficit disorder (ADHD or ADD) who are ruled by their impulses, calling out in class or pushing to the front of the line comes naturally. Kids with ADHD live in the moment, undeterred by rules or consequences. For them, impulse control means learning how to stop and think before acting.
Lack of impulse control may be the most difficult ADHD symptom to change. Medication can help, but kids also need effective behavior management strategies in place — clear expectations, positive incentives, and predictable consequences — if they are to learn to regulate their behavior.
Lead your students in compiling a list of class rules. Include some that are difficult for kids with ADHD, such as “Always raise your hand to ask for help.” Be sure to define each rule: What does it mean to “Use materials appropriately”?
In general, discipline should be immediate.
If one student pushes another on the playground, for example, have him sit out part of recess. A delayed consequence — such as after-school detention — doesn’t work for kids who have trouble anticipating outcomes.
[Take This Test: Could Your Child Have a Working Memory Deficit?]
Provide visual reminders to keep kids on track.
To spare a child the embarrassment of frequent reprimands, agree upon a secret gesture you’ll use to signal her to stay in her seat or to stop calling out. Some children benefit from a reminder taped to the desk. That, too, can be private; no one else has to know that “N.I.” stands for “No Interrupting.”
Encourage appropriate behavior with recognition and rewards.
This is especially important for children with ADHD, who get a lot of negative attention for misconduct. Acknowledge good behavior with specific praise, such as: “Edward, I appreciate how quickly and quietly you cleared your desk.”
Some older children are embarrassed by compliments, so give a thumbs-up or a pat on the back instead.
Write the day’s schedule on the blackboard, and erase items as they’re completed.
This gives kids with ADHD a sense of being in control of their day. Provide advance notice of any changes to the usual routine.
Issue frequent alerts as the end of an activity draws near.
Give the class a five-minute warning, and then a two-minute warning, to ease the transition from one activity to the next. Devise a plan for students for whom change is especially difficult. Assign them to a special task, like collecting classmates’ papers, to help them maintain self-control.
Use a daily report card.
This tool allows a child’s teacher and parents to monitor academic and behavioral goals — and gives the child a chance to earn rewards. Each day, the teacher records whether the goals were met, and the child takes the report card home to show his parents.
[Get This Free Download: The Daily Report Card for Better Classroom Behavior]
So what can parents do at home to enforce the appropriate behaviors learned at school?
Be explicit about how your child is to behave.
Instead of telling her to “be good” at the playground, tell her to “wait in line for the slide, and don’t push.”
Hold your child accountable for his actions.
Keep punishments short and appropriate, but let them remind your child that he is responsible for his own behavior. A good rule of thumb for time-outs is one minute for each year of a child’s age.
Discourage a problem behavior by “charging” for each infraction.
This strategy rewards your child for not engaging in an inappropriate behavior, such as interrupting your phone calls.
How it works:
Go easy on minor missteps.
If your child spills milk because he’s pouring it quickly, help him clean the mess, talk to him about the importance of being careful, and move on.
Anticipate potentially explosive situations.
Children with ADHD need consistency and routine, but the unpredictable will sometimes happen.
Prepare your child for special occasions: Explain where you’re going, who will be there, what activities are planned, and how he should behave. Plan a way for him to signal you if he’s becoming overwhelmed, such as putting his hand in yours. (You can do the same if you sense a meltdown in the making.)
[Click for Free Download: Your 13-Step Guide to Raising a Child with ADHD]
Tags: , , ,
It appears JavaScript is disabled in your browser. Please enable JavaScript and refresh the page in order to complete this form.
ADDitude collaborates closely with leading medical experts to publish accurate, clear, and authoritative content that millions of readers trust and share.
Since 1998, millions of parents and adults have trusted ADDitude’s expert guidance and support for living better with ADHD and its related mental health conditions. Our mission is to be your trusted advisor, an unwavering source of understanding and guidance along the path to wellness.
It appears JavaScript is disabled in your browser. Please enable JavaScript and refresh the page in order to complete this form.
Get a free issue and free ADDitude eBook, plus save 42% off the cover price.


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top